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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Causes & Solutions essays

Thursday, February 9, 2012

In IELTS Task 2, you could get asked to write about the causes of some problem and the possible ways to solve this problem.

You must remember to have:

1. An introduction
2. Discuss the main causes and effects of the problem
3. Suggest possible solutions to the problem
4. Give advice about who should take responsibility

For this reason, a four paragraph essay is a very good idea. This essay below will give you an example of a good 250 word essay.


Nowadays many people eat very badly in spite of the information which is available about ways to have a health, balanced diet.

What could be the possible causes of this? 

Suggest some solutions which may improve the eating habits of the young.

In the modern world, a wider variety of food choices are available to members of society than ever before. It is possible to have an extremely healthy diet or to consumer junk food on a daily basis. There are several undoubted reasons why many choose the latter option and certain specific ways that such problems could be addressed.

Primarily, eating badly can be due to a number of factors. To begin with, our society is busier than ever before. Individuals are pressed to do things quicker and quicker and one result of this may be that the majority do not have time to prepare food or wait around for healthy food to be prepared. In other words, they feel forced to eat on the go. The easiest food to eat under these circumstances is fast food, which is usually unhealthy. Furthermore, fast food restaurants put more financial investment into marketing and advertising than any other section of the food industry. As a result, we are constantly bombarded with messages telling us to eat fatty and sugary food. This has a huge influence on our choice of food, especially the young.

Potential ways to tackle this problem may include the following. Initially, the government should enforce rules which warn the general public about unhealthy food. They could instruct companies to put warning signs on their products and produce other, more healthy food in the same restaurants. In addition to this, they could prevent businesses from advertising which is focused on children and inhibit them from selling toys and having play areas.

All things considered, eating badly is a serious problem for young and old alike. It seems evident that the government ought to take a firm stand on this issue and remind individuals constantly to take healthy eating seriously.


The structure of this essay is very clear and easy to follow.

Each body paragraph (paragrpahs 2 & 3) have a clear first sentence (topic sentence) which tells the reader what information he/she will find on the paragraph:

Primarily, eating badly can be due to a number of factors.

Potential ways to tackle this problem may include the following.

Think about ways to use these structures for topic sentences in other essays.

There are many different grammatical structures used in this essay - if you want to know how to use any of these structures correctly, wirte a comment here or on our facebook page .

Tell us if you want more model essays like this one.

Paradigm Language Institute really appreciates all your questions and comments.


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  2. Helpful post about IELTS Writing Topics Every Students should properly know about it's structure

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